Now here is the fun part of your skincare routine. It's also the step that allows you to truly personalize your skincare, by applying concentrated serums targetting specific issues.
Time to play mad scientist. Trust me this is fun!
Applied under moisturizer, these products boost your skincare by providing concentrated doses of potent ingredients. An ocean of possibilities awaits you. Trying out different combinations can be a lot of fun. But beware! A lot of serums out there are not as potent as they claim to be. Be sure to carefully look at the ingredient list and see if the active ingredients are somewhere at the top of the ingredients list. In general, the shorter the ingredient list the better!
〉What's the difference between an essence and a serum?
Those two categories frequently intertwine and may be hard to differentiate at times. Plus, they serve the same function -which is to boost skincare. Hence, let's keep it simple and consider them as part of the same category of products.
What should differentiate an essence from a serum is its consistency, the essence is supposed to be the lightest and most watery of the two (which is why a few essences can be successfully used as soothing toners). But it isn't always the case, some essences can be quite thick, and other serums very liquid.
CONCLUSION - Don't pay attention to the name on the bottle, all you need to remember is that, when layering skincare products, you should always start with the lightest product (most watery), to end with the thickest product (most oily or occlusive).
〉 How much different essences/serums can I apply at once?
As much as you want! But you might end up with very oily looking skin. The trick is to have self-control and not apply too much of each product (I know, it's hard. Requires practice). Waiting a few minutes for a thicker serum to be absorbed by the skin before applying other products can help. You could also mix in your serum directly into your moisturizer.
〉 Typical active ingredients found in essences and serums :
- Antioxidants: Vitamin C for daytime, vitamin A for nighttime, Resveratrol, vitamin B (niacinamide), etc.
- Hydration level boosting ingredients: Hyaluronic acid and others.
- Skin nourishing or repairing ingredients: Ceramides, fatty acids, snail mucin, fermented ingredients, lactobacillus, etc.
- Other ingredients for specific concerns: Peptides (with different uses depending on the type of peptide), Licorice (skin brightening), etc.